Clean Synergy® Leading In Energy & Environment

ENERGY

Renewable Energy Storage Solved At Last?
MIT Rechargeable Solar Energy Battery.

MIT scientists have announced the potential for a new,
stable, rechargeable thermal battery using fulvalene
tetracarbonyldiruthenium. Heated in the sun for its “charge,”
it can be tapped for its energy, and then heated again, and
again, and again.  Is this the long sought energy storage grail?
Y. Kanai, V. Srinivasan, S.K. Meier, et alia.
“Mechanism of Thermal Reversal of the (Fulvalene)
tetracarbonyldiruthenium Photoisomerization:
Toward Molecular Solar-Thermal Energy Storage.”
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2010.
DOI:10.1002/anie.201002994

EV Advance: RPI Invents Nano Material – Charge
and Discharge 40-60 Times Faster Than Lithium
Ion Batteries With Comparable Energy Density.

R. Krishnan, T-M. Lu, N. Koratkar.
“Functionally Strain-Graded Nano-scoops for High
Power Li-Ion Battery Anodes.”
Nano Letters, 2010; 101230141504080
DOI: 10.1021/nl102981d
pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nl102981d

Has U. Mass. Created Renewable Gold?
ORGANIC CHEMICAL FEEDSTOCKS FROM BIOMASS.

U. Mass has devised a catalytic means of making key feedstock
chemicals like benzene, toluene, xylenes, and olefins,
(currently only produced by refining of hydrocarbons,
from pyrolytic bio-oils, that is, BIOMASS.
This is yet a new role for zeolite catalysis.
T.P. Vispute, H. Zhang, A. Sanna, R. Xiao, G.W. Huber.
“Commodity Feedstocks from Integrated Catalytic
Processing of  Pyrolysis Oils.”
Science, 26 Nov.2010:Vol.330, No.6008, pp.1222-1227.
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/330/6008/1222.abstract?sid=bc733774-d627-4b56-9516-1e30b8de11fa
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-11/uoma-ahb112310

If You Can Fuel Solar Cells With Lasers,…
LaserMotive, which recently won the Power Beaming Competition
sponsored by NASA, has developed a novel means of power transfer:
beaming power by laser to solar cells on the target device.
Tom Nugent, Jordin Kare and
Dave Bashford co-founded LaserMotive.
See Seattle Business Magazine July 2010, p. 13.
http://www.seattlebusinessmag.com/article/beaming
http://www.seattlebusinessmag.com/article/top-innovators-lasermotive

EPFL de Lausanne: Rust and Water Used to
Store Solar Energy as Hydrogen

J. Brillet, J-H. Yum, M. Cornuz, T. Hisatomi, R. Solarska,
J. Augustynski, M. Graetzel, & K. Sivula
“Highly efficient water splitting by a dual-absorber tandem cell.”
Nature Photonics 6, 824–828 (2012).
http://www.nature.com/nphoton/journal/v6/n12/full/nphoton.2012.265.html

Galactan Sugars for Biofuels:
Supplant Diesel, Gasoline, and Jet Fuel Gallon for Gallon,
Without Engine and Infrastructure Modification?
A.J.M. Liwanag, B. Ebert, Y. Verhertbruggen, et alia,
“Pectin Biosynthesis: GALS1 in Arabidopsis thaliana
Is a β-1,4-Galactan β-1,4-Galactosyltransferase.”
The Plant Cell, 2012; DOI: 10.1105/tpc.112.106625
http://www.plantcell.org/content/24/12/5024

Purdue: Production of Hydrogen From Aluminum Alloy
For Fuel Cells and Engines, Including Boats, Ships?

http://www.purdue.edu/newsroom/research/2010/101007WoodallBoats.html
http://www.purdue.edu/discoverypark/energy/research/transportation/Hydrogen_systems.php

Universities of Kentucky, Louisville:
Alloy for Hydrogen Fuel from Sunlight

R. Sheetz, E. Richter, An.N. Andriotis, et alia,
“Visible-light absorption and large band-gap bowing
of GaN_{1−x}Sb_{x} from first principles.”
Physical Review B, 2011; 84 (7)
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.075304
prb.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v84/i7/e075304

Buffalo: Silicon to Produce Hydrogen on Demand
F. Erogbogbo, T. Lin, P.M. Tucciarone, et alia,
“On-Demand Hydrogen Generation using Nanosilicon:
Splitting Water without Light, Heat, or Electricity.”
Nano Letters, 2013; : 130117162526001
DOI: 10.1021/nl304680w
pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nl304680w

Rice University: Nanocable for Energy Storage
Z. Liu, Y. Zhan, G. Shi, S. Moldovan, M. Gharbi, et alia
“Anomalous high capacitance in a coaxial single nanowire capacitor.”
Nature Communications, 2012; 3: 879
DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1833
http://www.nature.com/ncomms/journal/v3/n6/full/ncomms1833.html

Vertical-Axis Wind Turbines Offshore?
share.sandia.gov/news/resources/news_releases/vawts/

Cheap Energy Storage: Battery
for Renewable Energy Sources

A.K. Manohar, S. Malkhandi, B. Yang, C. Yang, et alia,
“A High-Performance Rechargeable Iron Electrode for
Large-Scale Battery-Based Energy Storage.”
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2012; 159 (8): A1209
DOI: 10.1149/2.034208jes
jes.ecsdl.org/content/159/8/A1209

Penn State, Virginia Commonwealth:
New Way To Produce Hydrogen

P.J. Roach, W.H. Woodward,
A. W. Castleman Jr., A.C. Reber, S.N. Khanna.
“Complementary Active Sites Cause Size-Selective
Reactivity of Aluminum Cluster Anions with Water.”
Science 23 January 2009: Vol. 323 no. 5913 pp. 492-495
DOI: 10.1126/science.1165884
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/323/5913/492.abstract?sid=46d5fedd-463b-4672-aca1-bd1a6be2e554

University of Arkansas: Thermal Energy
Storage for Solar Panels

Panner Selvam and Matt Strasser developed a structured
thermocline system using parallel plates made from a
special mixture of concrete developed by Micah Hale.
http://www.newswise.com/articles/researchers-develop-effective-thermal-energy-storage-system

Cheap, Cleaner Catalyst Burns Methane
30 Times Better at Lower Temperatures

M. Cargnello, J.J. Delgado Jaén, J.C. Hernández Garrido, et alia,
“Exceptional Activity for Methane Combustion over Modular
Pd@CeO2 Subunits on Functionalized Al2O3.”
Science, August 2012: 713-717
DOI: 10.1126/science.1222887
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/337/6095/713

Purdue: Portable Aluminum Alloy Technology
for Village Drinking Water and Power

Jerry Woodall and Go Choi developed an aluminum alloy
for converting non-potable water into drinking water and
extracting hydrogen to generate electricity.
http://www.purdue.edu/newsroom/research/2011/110503WoodallWater.html

Northwestern, UVA: Sulfur as Oxidant
for Catalytic Conversion of Methane into
Ethylene “Building Blocks?”

Q. Zhu, S.L. Wegener, C. Xie, O. Uche, M. Neurock, T.J. Marks,
“Sulfur as a selective ‘soft’ oxidant for catalytic
methane conversion probed by experiment and theory.”
Nature Chemistry 5, 104–109 (2013)
doi:10.1038/nchem.1527
http://www.nature.com/nchem/journal/v5/n2/full/nchem.1527.html

Norwegian University of Science and Technology:
Will Graphene Soon Replace Silicon in Tech, Solar Industries?

A.M. Munshi, D.L. Dheeraj, Vi.T. Fauske, et alia,
“Vertically Aligned GaAs Nanowires on Graphite and
Few-Layer Graphene: Generic Model and Epitaxial Growth.”
Nano Lett., 2012, 12 (9), pp 4570–4576.
DOI: 10.1021/nl3018115
pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nl3018115

University of Michigan: Quick Cook Algae into Bio-oil?
Julia L. Faeth and Phillip E. Savage,
“The Effects of Heating Rate and Reaction Time
On Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Microalgae.”
2012 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting
aiche.confex.com/aiche/2012/webprogram/Paper280193.html

Side-Illuminated Ultra-Efficient Solar Cells
A. Braun, A. Vossier, E.A. Katz, N.J. Ekins-Daukes, J.M. Gordon,
“Multiple-bandgap vertical-junction architectures for
ultra-efficient concentrator solar cells.”
Energy & Environmental Science, 2012; 5 (9): 8523
DOI: 10.1039/C2EE22167E
pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2012/EE/c2ee22167e

Commercial Fusion Plants?
Joint European Torus (JET) fusion device results suggest
next-generation ITER project success leading to
development of commercial fusion power plants.
http://www.efda.org/2012/10/new-jet-results-tick-all-the-boxes-for-iter/

Northwestern: SrTe Nanocrystals Combined
With PbTe and Na2Te To Generate
Electricity From Waste Heat.

K. Biswas, J. He, Q. Zhang, Et Alia.
“Strained endotaxial nanostructures with high
thermoelectric figure of merit.”
Nature Chemistry, Vol. 3, pp.160–166, 2011.
DOI: 10.1038/nchem.955
http://www.nature.com/nchem/journal/v3/n2/full/nchem.955.html

Molybdenite Might Displace Silicon And Graphene
For Next-Generation Nanoelectronic Devices.

B. Radisavljevic, A. Radenovic, J. Brivio Et Alia.
“Single-layer MoS2 transistors.”
Nature Nanotechnology (2011)
doi:10.1038/nnano.2010.279
http://www.nature.com/nnano/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nnano.2010.279.html

Fe-based Superconductor Operates at
47 Kelvin Hope for resistance-free power
transmission over long distances?

Highest Known Temperature For Its 1:2:2 Class
Associated with structural collapse but researchers
can avoid instabilities to improve uses in electronics.
S.R. Saha, N.P. Butch, T. Drye, et Alia.
“Structural collapse and superconductivity in
rare-earth-doped CaFe2As2.”
Physical Review B. Published Jan. 13, 2012.
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.024525

Graphene In The Real World
May Not Be So Great In Electronics.

S. Jung, G.M. Rutter, N.N. Klimov, Et Alia.
“Evolution of microscopic localization in
graphene in a magnetic field from scattering
resonances to quantum dots.”
Nature Physics, 2011.
DOI: 10.1038/nphys1866
http://www.nature.com/nphys/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nphys1866.html

Novel Blade Modification For Marine Turbines
Found Effective in Extracting Energy
In Low Velocity Tidal Environments.

Novel marine energy technology from
Ens. Timothy Gruber and his U.S. Naval Academy
professors, Mark Murray and David Frederiksson.
“Effect of leading edge tubercles on marine tidal turbine blades.”
Presentation, Amer. Phys. Soc., Div. Fluid Dyn.
meetings.aps.org/Meeting/DFD10/Event/133206

Swedish Rocket Science:New N(NO2)3 Molecule,
Trinitrimide, May Make For Green Rocket Fuel.

M. Rahm, S.V. Dvinskikh, I. Furó, T.Brinck.
“Experimental Detection of Trinitramide, N(NO2)3.”
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2011.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/12/101222071831.htm

New Platinum Shell/Palladium Core
Fuel Cell Catalyst Conserves Precious Platinum.

May Be A Whole Lot Less Expensive In the Long Run.
K. Sasaki, H.Naohara, Y. Cai, et alia.
“Core-Protected Platinum Monolayer Shell High-Stability
Electrocatalysts for Fuel-Cell Cathodes.”
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2010; 49 (46): 8602
DOI:10.1002/anie.201004287

Major Breakthrough: Beyond Silicon –
Amorphous Metal Contact MIM Diode

Oregon State Center for Green Materials Chemistry has developed a
high performance MIM diode from inexpensive common metals
fabricated at low temperatures, usable for new categories of
displays, computers, and other electronics for energy harvesting
and new cost-effective manufacturing of advanced technology.
E.W. Cowell, N. Alimardani, C.C. Knutson, J.F. Conley, et alia.
“Advancing MIM Electronics: Amorphous Metal Electrodes.”
Advanced Materials, 2010;
DOI: dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201002678″target=”_blank”rel=”nofollow”>10.1002/adma.201002678

Drexel University: Advancing Understanding of
Supercapacitators and New Energy Storage Mechanisms.

C. Merlet, B. Rotenberg, P.A. Madden, et alia,
“On the molecular origin of supercapacitance
in nanoporous carbon electrodes.”
Nature Materials 11, 306-310.
doi:10.1038/nmat3260
http://www.nature.com/nmat/journal/v11/n4/full/nmat3260.html

UCLA: Electrical Energy Stored as Chemical Energy
in Alcohols, Usable as Liquid Transportation Fuel.

H. Li, P.H. Opgenorth, D.G. Wernick1, S. Rogers et alia,
“Integrated Electromicrobial Conversion of CO2 to Higher Alcohols.”
Science 30 March 2012: Vol. 335 no. 6076 p. 1596
DOI: 10.1126/science.1217643
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/335/6076/1596.abstract

Binghamton University: Metal Oxides
Key to Cheap Clean Energy

S. Sallis, L. Piper, J. Francis, J. Tate, et alia,
“Role of lone pair electrons in determining
the optoelectronic properties of BiCuOSe.”
Physical Review B, 2012; 85 (8)
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.085207
prb.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v85/i8/e085207

Oregon State University: Newly Patented Blue
Pigment Has Infrared Heat Reflectivity of ~40%

Environmentally safe compound discovered by Mas Subramanian
could help reduce heat absorption on building exteriors.
oregonstate.edu/ua/ncs/archives/2012/jun/new-compound-could-become-%E2%80%9Ccool-blue%E2%80%9D-energy-efficiency-buildings

University of Manchester: Self-Healing Graphene?
R. Zan, Q.M. Ramasse, U. Bangert, K.S. Novoselov,
“Graphene Reknits Its Holes.”
Nano Letters, 2012; : 120710092055001
DOI: 10.1021/nl300985q
pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nl300985q

Photovoltaics From Semiconductors:
PV architecture—screening-engineered field-effect
photovoltaics may allow fabrication of cheap
high efficiency PV from almost any semiconductor,
even metal oxides, sulfides, and phosphides.
W. Regan, S. Byrnes, W. Gannett, O. Ergen, et alia,
“Screening-Engineered Field-Effect Solar Cells.”
Nano Letters, 2012; : 120723093528009
DOI: 10.1021/nl3020022
pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nl3020022

Carbon Nanotube for Inexpensive Catalyst
Y. Li, W. Zhou, H. Wang, L. Xie, et alia,
“An oxygen reduction electrocatalyst based on
carbon nanotube–graphene complexes.”
Nature Nanotechnology, 2012; 7 (6): 394
DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2012.72
http://www.nature.com/nnano/journal/v7/n6/full/nnano.2012.72.html

Power-Generating Windows
J.W.E. Wiegman, E. van der Kolk.
“Building integrated thin film luminescent
solar concentrators: Detailed efficiency
characterization and light transport modelling.”
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 2012; 103: 41
DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2012.04.016
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927024812001729

Revolutionary Advances in Energy Materials?
TMS Releases Energy Materials and Manufacturing Study:
“Innovation Impact Report”
energy.tms.org/newsArticle.aspx?ID=4258

Aquion: Safer, Low Cost Na-Ion Battery
Expected to be 1/3 cost of Li-ion battery,
with up to 5x Li-ion battery life,
Aquion targeting solar industry use first.
http://www.inc.com/magazine/201112/innovation-a-sodium-ion-battery.html

Nano Revolution In Optoelectronics To Bridge
Photonic And Electronic Circuits?

Nanolasers grown on silicon.
R. Chen, T-T. D. Tran, K.W. Ng Et Alia.
Nature Photonics, Published Online Feb. 2011
doi:10.1038/nphoton.2010.315
http://www.nature.com/nphoton/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nphoton.2010.315.html

Fraunhofer Transforms Touch Screen Prices
With Carbon Nanotubes And Cheap PET Plastics

The Plastic Of Your Soda Bottles.
http://www.fraunhofer.de/en/press/research-news/2010-2011/13/Touchscreen_Made_of_Carbon.jsp

Alcatel-Lucent “lightRadio” Miniature Devices Could
Transform Mobile Communications

“Standard Base Station Is Reduced To Systems-On-A-Chip,
Size Of A Golf Ball. Revolution For Roll Out.”
Charles Arthur, technology editor, guardian.co.uk, Feb. 7, 2011
t.co/BAhSxC1 via @guardian

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